TERROIRS: Spain

TERROIRS : Espagne

Spain

It is still common today to hear beliefs about Spanish wines that are too rich, poorly made, or even without interest...

Make no mistake! During a wine trip to Spain, I discovered an exceptional terroir, which is moreover cultivated by enthusiasts with great know-how.

Today, we can safely say that estates such as Abadia Retuerta , Blecua , or Mas d'En Gil are competing with the biggest names in wine from around the world.

At the end of this trip, we all thought that the great Bordeaux castles should be very careful not to rest on their laurels (more?) - what is more with the worrying evolution of the climate - because Spain is kicking in the door very hard and, if they don't wake up, it will hurt!

Story

With its 12 regions that all produce wine, Spain is the country with the most vines in the world, with nearly 970,000 hectares. It is the third producing country, behind Italy and France.

There are the first traces of viticulture around 1,100 BC. Spain is a country that has seen many twists and turns in its wine-growing history, in particular the Muslim domination which stopped production between the 8th and 15th centuries. The history is rich and could be the subject of a dedicated article (leaves leave us a comment if you want to know more about this subject)

Climate & Terroir

With the exception of a small part which enjoys an oceanic climate, Spain is under the influence of a Mediterranean climate.

The soils are varied and we can find soils of granite, shale, volcanic, etc.

To better understand the climate and soils, discover our free in-site dedicated to wine knowledge –> here.

Appellations

Spain has 6 different appellations starting with Vino de Mesa, the least qualitative. The best wines are produced under the Vino de Pago or Vino Con Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOCa/DOQ) labels.

It is on the latter that we recommend that you stop, such as the Opta from Pago Calzadilla or the exceptional Coma Vella from Mas d'En Gil , which we can import at very attractive prices.

Ratings

In Spain, in addition to the generic (which does not require any minimum process) and the Gran Añada for sparkling wines, there are 3 wine classifications which allow you to know immediately how the wine is made:

Crianza Aged for at least 2 years, including 6 months in barrels for the whites and 1 year for the reds.
Reserve
2 years minimum aging including 6 months in barrels for the whites and 3 years minimum aging including at least 1 year in barrels for the reds.
Grand Reserve
Aged for at least 5 years, including 6 months in barrels for the whites and 18 months for the reds.

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